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Poland imagery

You can do so much artwork with a decent history and imaginative national emblem - the crowned one-headed eagle (restored in 2018)!

Poland - a Nation of many rich and Colourful Local Community Identities

Be Proud of your Polish heritage

"Be Proud - you're Polish"

Map of Poland

Map of Poland (post 1945) showing the locations of the abundance of National Costumes worn with pride!

Marie Curie Sklodowska - National Heroine

Marie Curie Top Poll Woman

- Marie Curie beats Margaret Thatcher, Jane Austen and Princess Diana to be voted the most influential woman ever
Polish cancer researcher was voted most influential by experts for BBC poll
- Rosa Parks who championed the US civil rights movement came second
- British suffragette who fought for women's rights came in third place

By Neil Sears for the Daily Mail | Published: 9th August 2018 | Updated: 9th August 2018

Politics, science, sport, technology and literature... it's impossible to find an area where women haven't made a powerful impact.
So the task of finding the female figure who has made the greatest contribution was always going to be a tough one.
But experts have finally narrowed it down – and named Marie Curie as the woman who did the most to change the world.
The scientist, whose discoveries in the field of radiation helped develop X-rays and cancer treatments, beat Margaret Thatcher, Princess Diana and Jane Austen in a poll by BBC History Magazine.

In second place was Rosa Parks, the civil rights movement activist who protested against racial segregation in the US by refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger. British suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst came third.

Curie was the first to win two Nobel prizes – one in physics and one in chemistry – and coined the word 'radiation'.
She had a tough childhood in her native Poland, then under oppressive Russian rule. Her mother died when she was ten and she had to work as a young governess for six years. Going on to study at the Sorbonne in Paris, she met fellow physicist Pierre Curie, and the pair dedicated their lives to science. She began cracking the secrets of radioactivity in their primitive laboratory in a shed.

Curie helped fit X-ray machines to ambulances in the First World War while working for the Red Cross, and suffered leukaemia from long-term exposure to radiation. She died in 1934 aged 66. Patricia Fara, of the British Society for the History of Science, said: 'She was the first person – note the use of person there, not woman – to win a second Nobel prize. The odds were always stacked against her.' Readers were given a list of 100 women to choose from, selected by experts in ten fields of human endeavour.

Some of the less familiar names include computer programmer Ada Lovelace, 19th-century philanthropist Angela Burdett-Coutts and crystallographer Rosalind Franklin, who helped crack the structure of DNA. Other figures in the top 20 include early feminist writer Mary Wollstonecraft, women's rights activist Josephine Butler and queen Eleanor of Aquitaine – one of the most powerful women of the Middle Ages.
BBC History Magazine deputy editor Charlotte Hodgman said: 'The poll has shone a light on some truly extraordinary women from history.'

2018 - Iga Swiatek - Rising Sports Star

Polish Olympic committee Logo

Iga Swiatek taking the Olympic Oath

Screen shot of Iga Świątek's interview during the Olympic swearing in ceremony

Iga Swiatek Flag Bearer

Proud Young Olympian Flag Bearer Iga Świątek Buenos Aires 2018 - image courtesy & © of Szyman Sikora/Polski Komitet Olimpijski (Polish Olympic committee)

1939 - 45 - From a Native American Indian Tribe to the Polish Underground (Armia Krajowa). Sat-Okh, NAI, fought for Poland.

Z indianskiego plemienia do partyzantki AK. Sat-Okh - Indianin, który walczył dla Polski.

Marcin Kamiński - 30th January 2016

Native Americal Chief who fought for Poland in WW!!

Wojna uwięziła go w Polsce, do walki zmusiły okoliczności. Uciekł z pociągu do Oświęcimia i walczył w leśnym oddziale AK.

Indianin, który walczył wśród Polaków w drugiej wojnie światowej - brzmi to dość nieprawdopodobnie. Stanisław Supłatowicz - znany szerzej jako Sat-Okh, Długie Pióro - jest jednak postacią jak najbardziej rzeczywistą.

Życie Sat-Okha było pełne zawirowań, swoje zrobiła też ludzka wyobraźnia. Dlatego też nie do końca wiadomo, jak rzeczywiście wyglądały jego losy. Dziś stał się postacią nieco zapomnianą - zupełnie niesłusznie. Przeczytajcie.

Z Syberii na Alaske - From Siberia to Alaska

Jak Sat-Okh znalazł się w Polsce? Cofnijmy się do 1905 roku. Wtedy to pierwszy mąż Stanisławy Supłatowicz, matki Sat-Okha, w wyniku carskich prześladowań, został zesłany na Syberię. Stanisława podążyła za małżonkiem na wygnanie, jednak na miejscu okazało się, że ten jest poważnie chory. Umarł kilka tygodni po jej przybyciu.

Musząc samotnie stawić czoła losowi, Stanisława uznała, że musi uciec z Rosji. W 1917 roku wybuchła rewolucja październikowa. Kobieta postanowiła skorzystać z chaosu, jaki zrodził przewrót i udała się na Alaskę. Wraz jedenastoma innymi osobami podjęła ryzykowną przeprawę przez cieśninę Beringa - w czółnach grupa musiała pokonać ponad 80 km. Wielu zginęło, ale jej się udało.

Z Alaski wyruszyła do Kanady i tam znalazła schronienie u członków plemienia Shawnee. Przyjęła indiańskie imię Biały Obłok i wyszła za Wysokiego Orła, syna przywódcy plemienia. Z tego związku urodziła się trójka dzieci, z których najmłodszy był Sat-Okh.

Shawnee stali się jej nową rodziną, ale Stanisława tęskniła też za dawnym domem. W 1918 roku Polska odzyskała niepodległość, lecz do niej ta wiadomość dotarła dopiero w roku 1937. Wtedy też postanowiła odwiedzić rodzinny kraj. Chciała pokazać ojczyznę także dzieciom, lecz Wysoki Orzeł pozwolił jej zabrać jedynie najmłodszego syna. W Polsce mieli pozostać tylko pół roku, ale uwięził ich wybuch wojny. Sat-Okh miał wtedy 17 lat.

Indianin w AK - A Native American Indian in the Polish Underground

Mieszkał w Radomiu. Wraz z matką starali się pomagać radomskim Żydom. - Mieliśmy taki prostokątny pokój. Moja matka zrobiła go na kwadrat, ściana była zrobiona sztucznie i za tą ścianą ukrywała się młoda żydowska dziewczyna. Została z nami do końca wojny. Moja matka uratowała jej życie - opowiadał Sat-Okh w filmie dokumentalnym "Wojownik z urodzenia" Klaudiusza Jankowskiego.

Mimo wojny, Sat-Okh starał się prowadzić normalne życie. Los nie pozwolił mu na to.

Zdał maturę na tajnych kompletach i pracował na poczcie, ale zaczęli interesować się nim Niemcy - jego wygląd odstawał od aryjskiego ideału czystości rasowej.

Aresztowano go w 1940 roku. Przez dwanaście miesięcy siedział w więzieniu gestapo w Radomiu, skąd miał trafić doobozu koncentracyjnego w Oświęcimiu.

Udało mu się jednak zbiec z transportu - wraz z grupą współwięźniów sforsował niedomknięte drzwi wagonu i wyskoczył z pociągu w pobliżu miejscowości Tunel w Małopolsce. Z ucieczki nie wyszedł bez szwanku - strażnicy postrzelili go w nogę.

W ukryciu leczył się pół roku. W 1943 roku wstąpił do AK i otrzymał pseudonim "Kozak". Dzięki indiańskiemu wychowaniu potrafił znakomicie jeździć konno, posługiwać się nożem i bezszelestnie poruszać po lesie.

Umiejętności te okazały się bezcenne dla leśnego oddziału "Bończy", w którym służył - prowadził rekonesans, brał udział w napadach na niemieckie transporty i odbijał więźniów.

Uczył też sztuki przeżycia innych żołnierzy. Niektórzy z jego kolegów w oddziale dopiero dzięki niemu nauczyli się jak korzystać z noża w walce.

Aby mylić Niemców, wypracował specyficzną technikę poruszania się. Polegała na maszerowaniu tyłem, tak aby zostawić ślady sugerujące zupełnie inny kierunek marszu, niż w rzeczywistości.

- Ten indiański sposób poruszania przyjął się w całym oddziale - mówił generał Kazimierz Załęski "Bończa", ówczesny dowódca Sat-Okha.

Powojenne losy - Post-War Losses

72 Pułk Piechoty AK, w skład którego wchodził oddział Sat-Okha został rozwiązany pod koniec 1944 roku, jednak zołnierze "Bończy" postanowili pozostać w lesie i czekać na rozkazy. Z lasu wyszli gdy wojna była już oficjalnie zakończona.

Za służbę w AK siedział przez jakiś czas w więzieniu, następnie został wcielony do marynarki wojennej. Potem pływał w marynarce handlowej, na statkach "Bolesław Chrobry" i "Batory".

Mieszkał w Gdańsku. Został odznaczony m.in. Krzyżem Walecznych i Medalem Wojska Polskiego. Był popularyzatorem kultury indiańskiej i autorem wielu powieści przygodowych. Zmarł 3 lipca 2003 roku w Szpitalu Marynarki Wojennej w Gdańsku.

W pracy nad tekstem opierałem się na filmie dokumentalnym "Wojownik z urodzenia" Klaudiusza Jankowskiego i pracy naukowej "Stanisław Supłatowicz. Niezwykła biografia Sat-Okha, czyli jak się zostaje legendą" Katarzyny Krępulec.

Full translation to follow.

1939 - First female British war correspondent who broke the news of the Nazi invasion of Poland that started World War II has died, aged 105

- Clare Hollingworth broke news of Nazi invasion of Poland in World War II
- British journalist spent Christmas 1938 in the resort of Kitzbuhel, Austria
- The upmarket resort had been overrun with Nazis celebrating the festive period
- There, journalist Clare was able to infiltrate the Third Reich for her latest story
- She saw how Nazis were uneasy about Christmas - the birth of a Jewish child

By Jennifer Newton for MailOnline |Published: 10th January, 2017 | Updated: 11th January, 2017

Article by Clare Hollingworth who witnessed the invasion of Poland in 1939

Article by Clare Hollingworth who witnessed the invasion of Poland in 1939 as reported in the Daily Mail

Clare Hollingworth dressed upClare Hollingworth at Work

During her time in Kitzbuhel, Clare, pictured, never turned off her reporter¿s brain and with the town being crammed with senior Nazis, it was the perfect place to overhear gossip / A new book tells how Clare found the Nazis uneasy celebrating Christmas given it is the celebration of the birth of a Jewish child - image description dialogue as used in the Daily Mail article

Clare Hollingworth at play

The town's famous hotel, the Grand Hotel had been bedecked with Nazi flags and Jewish guests were told they would be no longer welcome as it became the favourite place to stay for senior Nazis. From her own collection - Clare is pictured at the hotel from the Daily Mail article

The first British female war correspondent Clare Hollingworth has died, aged 105. Ms Hollingworth broke the news of the Nazi invasion of Poland that started World War II. She spent her career reporting on the world's major conflicts for British newspapers. In 1939, as a rookie reporter in Poland, she borrowed a diplomat's car and drove into German-held territory, where she saw tanks, armoured cars and artillery massing. When the Nazis launched their invasion days later, she called British diplomats and her newspaper to alert them, hanging the phone out the window so they could hear it for themselves. Hollingworth lived her last four decades in Hong Kong after working from Beijing in the 1970s.

The Foreign Correspondents' Club of Hong Kong announced her death. It said: 'The FCC is very sad to announce the passing of its much beloved member Clare Hollingworth at age 105. 'Clare had a remarkable career as a foreign correspondent, beginning with the scoop of the century when she reported the start of World War II.' Tara Joseph, president of the FCC, added: 'We are very sad to hear about Clare's passing. She was a tremendous inspiration to us all and a treasured member of our club. 'We were so pleased that we could celebrate her 105th birthday with her this past year.' Details of the funeral arrangements and a wake at the club will be announced later.

As Christmas 1938 loomed, families across the country gathered together for the festive period unsure of what the future would hold. Nazi Germany had seized Czechoslovakia and annexed parts of Austria and the world nervously looked on trying to predict Hitler's next move. But rather than stay at home in Leicester and celebrate Christmas in the traditional way, journalist Ms Hollingworth knew there was a story to seek out. The then-27-year-old knew she had to spend her last Christmas before the Second World War in the Austrian resort of Kitzbuhel – trying to infiltrate the Nazis, which later landed her the biggest scoop of her career. And the story of her extraordinary Christmas in Austria is part of a new book about her life called Of Fortunes and War, written by her great-nephew Patrick Garrett. The book details how Clare and her husband Vandeleur Robinson went to Kitzbuhel, which had been a popular destination for well-heeled foreign visitors for more than 10 years. The former King Edward VIII and Ian Fleming, the author who created James Bond were regular visitors to the resort. But by 1938, it was overrun by members of the Third Reich, who clogged up the roads with their large black Mercedes cars. The town's famous hotel, the Grand Hotel had been bedecked with Nazi flags and Jewish guests were told they would be no longer welcome as it became the favourite place to stay for senior Nazis. Knowing there was a story to be had, Clare and Vandeleur stayed at a farmhouse in the town and even took skiing lessons. On the face of it, Kitzbuhel seemed like the perfect setting to celebrate a traditional Austrian alpine Christmas. But given the rise of Hitler, Christmas that year would be something Clare would never forget as the Nazis put their own spin on the festive season. The book tells how the journalist found the Nazis uneasy celebrating Christmas – given it is the celebration of the birth of a Jewish child and how the festive symbol of a star was feared similar to the Star of David or even the Soviet Red Star. Therefore, Clare noted how rather than celebrate on December 25, the Nazis decided to mark their own festival on December 21, on the night of the winter solstice. The celebration saw them honouring the Norse god Odin and hold a torch light parade. The only thing that resembled Christmas was the singing of the carol Silent Night, but even then the words were changed at the Third Reich's request. Then three days later on Christmas Eve, Clare witnessed all of the children in Kitzbuhel herded into a school gym. There they were ordered to listen to an address from Hitler's right-hand man Josef Goebbels which he said was going out to the 'entire German Fatherland.' And even though the residents of Kitzbuhel tried to celebrate the Christmas season as they always had, they too had to change. Nearly all Christmas greetings in the local newspaper were signed off with the phrase 'Heil Hitler.'

But during her time in Kitzbuhel, Clare never turned off her reporter's brain and with the town being crammed with senior Nazis, it was the perfect place to overhear gossip. Many thought they could speak freely as they were still inside the borders of the Third Reich following the annexing of Austria and all the time, Clare was picking up on useful snippets of information. And by the time her holiday came to an end, she and her husband wrote a series of articles for the Fabian Society. In her articles, she mused how the Nazis were just waiting to strike their next target and she wrote 'Was it now the turn of the Balkans?' Meanwhile her work thanks to her time in Kitzbuhel had obviously been noticed as just eight months later, she landed a job as a reporter on the Daily Telegraph. A week later in August 1939, she found herself in Poland staying with a British consul-general, who had a diplomatic car. The Germans had closed the road across the border to all vehicles apart from those carrying the flag - and Clare knew this and thought back to her Christmas experience. So she immediately asked to borrow the car, to go on a fact-finding mission into Germany, and, as it happened, pick up a few essentials like aspirin and white wine, then unavailable in Poland. The 'great gust of wind' which kicked off her career happened as she drove back along the road to Poland. Clare looked down into the valley and saw for the first time 'scores, if not hundreds of tanks' below her. These tanks were the forces of von Rundstedt's Army Group South, supported by Reichenau's 10th Army. '1,000 tanks massed on Polish border, Ten divisions reported ready for swift stroke,' shouted the headline after she called it into her boss, who was based in Warsaw. Three days later, she awoke to the sound of gun fire: it was September 1, the war had started, and she called Robin Hankey, the Second Secretary of the British Embassy in Warsaw. '[I said] Robin, the war's begun. He said rubbish, they are still negotiating. So I put the phone out of the window so he could hear them rolling in,' she recalled during Desert Island Discs in 1999. From there Clare's career went from strength to strength, reporting on the Second World War battles across Northern Africa, the Cold War, where she mixed with Soviet spies and even facing off with Algerian hostage takers. She later admitted she would go anywhere with her pearl handed revolver and that her other two essentials were just her 'toothbrush and typewriter'. But she once joked: 'But don't let anyone imagine I am brave, I am terrified of being stuck in lifts!'

Before her death, she suddenly lost her sight and she didn't stray too far from her home in Hong Kong. Her last position was as Far East corresponded for the Sunday Telegraph aged 70. The Foreign Correspondent's Club in Hong Kong still reserved a table for her at lunchtime calling each morning to check whether she will be joining them, up until her death. And when she was, they would always make sure her glass of wine was ready and that BBC News was on for her to listen to. Source : Daily Mail

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